CHRISTMAS OFFER Subscribe to Lancashire Life today CLICK HERE

In search of the swift in Lancashire

PUBLISHED: 00:00 05 October 2017

A swift dives from the nestbox to look for insects by Peter Smith

A swift dives from the nestbox to look for insects by Peter Smith

Peter Smith

In the latest of our series, Nature Moments, one of Lancashire’s top wildlife photographers Peter Smith tells how he spent the summer attracting one of our most elusive birds, the swift.

Peter SmithPeter Smith

A couple of years ago it was brought to my attention by a friend that it was possible to attract swifts to nest boxes to breed. It was with this limited knowledge that two friends and I decided to have a go.

During the winter months I made us two boxes each – being a retired joiner helped, I suppose – but anyone with a few tools and woodworking skills could easily make their own.

There are various designs available but the most important criteria is the size of the entrance hole and its placement in the box. The other factor which speeds up the rate at which the swift discover the boxes is to play a tape of swift calls placed by the boxes. This was left to one of us to sort out. In due course, we all had a speaker connected to a digibox playing a pre-recorded card with swift calls on it.

We had all winter to play around with the boxes and equipment as swifts are one of the last summer migrants to arrive in the UK. I have been studying and photographing British wildlife for over 50 years so I have a fair knowledge of swift behaviour and nesting requirements.

Peters shot of a swift gathering insects over PrestonPeters shot of a swift gathering insects over Preston

They always nest in inaccessible locations, such as under eaves, in broken vents or under roof tiles, making observation rather difficult.

The swifts in the Preston area, where I live, are usually first seen around the May 8 or 12, and have flown around our back field all summer for many years so I felt I had a fair chance of getting them to find my boxes. It was with this in mind that the nest boxes were erected on our respective houses at the beginning of May.

When the first swifts were observed last year flying around our neighbourhood I switched my recording on and within an hour a pair was showing interest by flying up to the boxes but not touching them, let alone getting inside them. I only played the recording for a few minutes each morning and evening and after about a week the swifts gave up showing any interest and I could only presume they had gone down to nest in their traditional sites. Swifts are site faithful, returning to the same cavity year upon year.

However, I did the same thing this year and the birds started to land on the entrance to one of the boxes but did not enter. To my surprise, on the evening of May 15 I saw a bird go in and stay in.

Swiftlets stare out of the nestbox by  Peter SmithSwiftlets stare out of the nestbox by Peter Smith

I carefully checked the box after seeing a swift leave on the evening of June 2 and discovered two white eggs. As swifts only lay two eggs they had obviously started incubation so I couldn’t be sure when they would hatch. The nest material was very flimsy, consisting of a few wisps of grass and about four white feathers.

Over the next couple of weeks I saw the off-duty bird, probably the male, entering the box every few hours. I’m not sure if he was feeding the female or it was a nest change-over.

On the June 10 I inspected the box and there were two small chicks, probably a week old, blind and naked. By sitting in the garden when I had a bit of spare time – glass of red in hand – I saw the male coming in to feed the chicks while the female brooded for the next two weeks.

It was during the fourth week that I noticed both birds feeding. I checked the box on July 8 when both adults were absent. The chicks were about four weeks old and covered in quills but to my surprise had still not opened their eyes.

Four-week-old swiftlets in the nest by Peter SmithFour-week-old swiftlets in the nest by Peter Smith

The adults fed the chicks about every half hour to an hour, not often when compared to swallows, house martins and sand martins which feed their young every few minutes. The adult swifts fill their crops with flying insects before coming in to feed the chicks by regurgitation, taking an average of three minutes in the box for each feed.

It is often reported that swifts never land – sleeping, feeding, drinking and even mating – on the wing but my pair entered the nest box each evening at dusk and stayed in until first light.

During their sixth week in the nest box the young appeared at the entrance hole, looking for the adults and wanting to be fed.

Sometime during their eighth week in the box, the young left us, around August 10, never to return. No swifts were seen in the area after then so they were presumably on their way to their wintering grounds in Africa. I wish them well on their journey and can only wait patiently for their return next spring.

Peter Smith, a retired teacher, has had a long term love of nature since he was a child. He collected caterpillars, noting their food plants, then developing an interest in birds, encouraged by an uncle. He said: ‘We would spend most weekends looking for birds’ nests - not collecting eggs even though it was a pastime in the 50s. In my late teens I tried to photograph all the nests we found which led me to the present digital age and running my own wildlife photographic workshops with a colleague, North West Wild Images.’

Peter is also chairman of a local nature conservation group in Penwortham, “PENCON”. He has two children and five grandchildren.

More from Out & About

In 1972, a hoard of ancient silver coins was discovered in Prestwich. These days, they’re hoping to strike gold with an unbeatable mix of community, creativity and independent shops but for one craftsperson, silver is still the way to go.

Read more
Friday, October 12, 2018

Pendle Hill is one of the most iconic landmarks in Lancashire and you can enjoy the beautiful countryside, spectacular views and fascinating from a number of starting points in the Ribble Valley.

Read more
Pendle Hill Ribble Valley Walks
Wednesday, October 10, 2018

Our walks expert John Lenehan plots a scenic course that also provides a little Lancashire history.

Read more

Steps are being taken to bridge the divides that have grown between communities and made Blackburn one of the most segregated towns in the country.

Read more
Blackburn
Monday, October 8, 2018

With the countryside turning stunning shades of red and gold, this is probably the best time to pull on your boots and go for a heavenly hike.

Read more
Lake District Walks Autumn

There is always something surprising in this old Lancashire village which attracts visitors from across the world

Read more
Cartmel
Thursday, October 4, 2018

Many youngsters their age are content to play with their toys, but a Bowness brother and sister are happiest in their walking boots.

Read more
Thursday, September 27, 2018

Britain’s biggest independent flower show attracts huge crowds and the admiration of BBC celebrities

Read more
Wednesday, September 26, 2018

When it was announced The Willow Garden Project in Fleetwood was to be the recipient of BBC North West Garden created for The Royal Horticultural Society (RHS) Tatton Flower Show, there were cheers all round.

Read more
Friday, September 21, 2018

The first ever National GetOutside Day takes place on Sunday 30 September with the aim of getting 1 million people active outdoors across the UK.

Read more

Meet some of the devilishly successful people who make this glorious Ribble Valley town tick.

Read more
Clitheroe
Friday, September 14, 2018

The site was designated Lancashire’s first ever ‘Local Nature Reserve’ in 1968 and is also designated a Site of Special Scientific Interest.

Read more
Lytham
Wednesday, September 12, 2018

A striking sculpture attracts John Lenehan to this circular walk through some oustanding scenery.

Read more
Friday, September 7, 2018

This varied selection of walks are all within ten miles of the Arnside and Silverdale Area of Natural Beauty.

Read more
Arnside Silverdale

Newsletter Sign Up

Sign up to the following newsletters:

Sign up to receive our regular email newsletter

Our Privacy Policy



Subscribe or buy a mag today

Local Business Directory

Property Search